Education: Bar-Ilan University, L.L.B., 1985
Military service: Israeli Defense Forces, early 1980s
Other Facts
Livnis parents were fighters in the Irgun Zvai Leumi, a right-wing Zionist guerilla group that fought against the British occupation of Palestine in the 1940s.
Nicknamed Mrs. Clean for her reputation as being uncorrupt.
Former member of the Likud Party.
Second female foreign minister of Israel. Golda Meir was the first (1956-1966).
1980 Livni joins the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad and is posted in Paris.
1984 Begins law school in Israel.
1986-1996 Practices law, specializing in the areas of commercial, constitutional and real estate law.
1996 Loses her first campaign for a seat in the Knesset (Israeli parliament).
1996-1999 Director general of the Government Companies Authority.
1999 Elected to the Knesset. Serves on the Constitution, Law and Justice Committee and the Committee on the Status of Women.
2001 Is appointed minister.
2005 Livni joins Kadima, a political party created by Sharon.
May 2006 Is appointed vice prime minister.
November 2006-February 2007 Serves as minister of justice.
2007 Named one of Time magazines Most Influential People in the World.
September 18, 2008 Elected leader of the Kadima party, replacing Ehud Olmert.
February 2009 Livnis Kadima party wins 28 seats in Israels parliamentary elections. However, Livni is unable to put together a coalition government.
asks Benjamin Netanyahu to form a government, causing Livni to lose the prime ministership.
March 2009 Becomes leader of the opposition in parliament.
May 2011 Livni calls on Prime Minister Netanyahu to resign, saying he has harmed the important relationship between Israel and the United States.
March 28, 2012 Loses her fight to remain head of Kadima. She is defeated by former Israel Defense Forces Chief Shaul Mofaz, who took 62% of the votes to Livnis 38%.
May 1, 2012
June 14, 2012 Following statements suggesting that the Kadima party will not exist for the next Knesset election, a petition circulates seeking Livnis removal from the party.
June 20, 2012 Joins Desert Queens, an Israeli all-women adventure competition in India.
November 27, 2012 Forms the Hatnua party. Hatnua means the movement in Hebrew.
February 19, 2013 Livnis Hatnua party joins Netanyahus coalition government and Livni
takes the role of justice minister.
May 2013 Livni is reelected to the Knesset.
July 29, 2013-April 25, 2014 Chief negotiator for Israel during the peace talks with Palestinians organized by
December 10, 2014 Announces run for the position of prime minister along with Isaac Herzog on the Zionist Union ticket.
March 18, 2015 Herzog and Livni
concede the election.
June 25, 2018 Herzog, newly appointed chairman of the Jewish Agency, tells Israel Radio that he wants Livni to assume his parliamentary role as Knessets opposition leader. At a later Knesset faction meeting, Livni says she should be the one to replace Herzog: I see the opposition leadership as essential for the continuation of the partnership.
August 1, 2018-January 2019 Serves as leader of the opposition in parliament, until Avi Gabbay, the head of the Labor Party, announces the end of their partnership.
February 18, 2019 Announces she is retiring from politics.
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